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Estimation de la vitesse de retour à l'équilibre dans les équations de Fokker-Planck

Abstract : This thesis is devoted to the Fokker-Planck équation partial_t f =∆f + div(E f).It is divided into two parts. The rst part deals with the linear problem. In this part we consider a vector E(x) depending only on x. It is composed of chapters 3, 4 and 5. In chapter 3 we prove that the linear operator Lf :=∆f + div(Ef ) is an in nitesimal generator of a strong continuous semigroup (SL(t))_{t≥0}. We establish also that (SL(t))_{t≥0} is positive and ultracontractive. In chapter 4 we show how an adequate decomposition of the linear operator L allows us to deduce interesting properties for the semigroup (SL(t))_{t≥0}. Indeed using this decomposition we prove that (SL(t))_{t≥0} is a bounded semigroup. In the last chapter of this part we establish that the linear Fokker-Planck admits a unique steady state. Moreover this stationary solution is asymptotically stable.In the nonlinear part we consider a vector eld of the form E(x, f ) := x +nabla (a *f ), where a and f are regular functions. It is composed of two chapters. In chapter 6 we establish that fora in W^{2,infini}_locthe nonlinear problem has a unique local solution in L^2_{K_alpha}(R^d); . To end this part we prove in chapter 7 that the nonlinear problem has a unique global solution in L^2_k(R^d). This solution depends continuously on the data.
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Mamadou Ndao. Estimation de la vitesse de retour à l'équilibre dans les équations de Fokker-Planck. Equations aux dérivées partielles [math.AP]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLV036⟩. ⟨tel-01910817⟩

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