Nouvelles réactions de couplages des organosilanes pour la synthèse d’esters à partir du CO₂ et de sulfones à partir du SO₂

Abstract : Cross coupling reactions are well studied reactions and their development was awarded a Nobel price. These reactions aim at coupling organometallic nucleophiles and electrophiles compounds and are the best way to form a little to none polarized bond such as C–C and C–S bond. They however make use of strong nucleophiles, decreasing their selectivity and tolerance. On one hand, among all available nucleophiles, organosilanes are very attractive because of their abundance, selectivity, stability and tolerance towards functional groups, they are also less toxic, easy to handle, and cheap. Their use though is a challenge because of their lower reactivity. On the other hand, for the sake of increasing the atom economy of a reaction, carbon dioxide (CO₂) is the best source of carbon and ester functional group; and sulfur dioxide (SO₂) is the best source of sulfur and sulfone functional group. In this manuscript, we herein report several coupling reactions between organosilanes giving a direct access to esters from CO₂ and to sulfones from SO₂. Experimental and theoretical studies have been carried out to develop a coupling reaction between arylsilanes, CO₂ and alkyl halides catalyzed by a copper(I) complex. SO₂ being more electrophilic and more nucleophilic, is used in a catalyzed less coupling reaction with arylsilanes and alkyl halides and in a coupling reaction with allylsilanes and aryl halides catalyzed by a palladium(II) complex, known as sulfonylating Hiyama coupling.
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Joëlle Char. Nouvelles réactions de couplages des organosilanes pour la synthèse d’esters à partir du CO₂ et de sulfones à partir du SO₂. Catalyse. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLS262⟩. ⟨tel-01910807⟩

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