Nouvelles réactions d'hydroboration et d'hydrosilylation par transfert avec des réducteurs renouvelables à base d'acide formique

Abstract : The utilization of cheap and abundant sustainable resources such as carbon dioxide or biomass derivatives as source of fuel and chemicals imposes the development of efficient reduction methods, able to promote the conversion of C-O bonds (π and σ) into C-H bonds in an energy and atom efficient manner. Within the realm of C-O reduction methods, the utilization of main group element-based hydrides (e.g. LiAlH₄ or NaBH₄) has proven highly beneficial in terms of selectivity and versatility in the reduction of various functional groups, including poorly electrophilic CO₂. This behavior not only stems from the positive kinetic attributes of these reductants in hydride transfer reactions but also from the oxophilicity of the main group elements that ensures the reductions are downhill processes. Yet, the latter appealing features comes at an energetic price, and the preparation of main group hydrides mainly relies on energy-demanding processes, which in turn limit the recyclability of these reductants. With the goal in mind to circumvent these limitations while preserving the beneficial properties of the main-group element during reduction, one of the major objectives of the research project presented therein was to study the unknown reductive chemistry of boryl formate and silyl formates. The latter indeed combine a renewable hydride source (formic acid can be obtained by 2e electroreduction of CO₂) linked directly to the main group element by the oxygen atom of the formate, which hints at the recyclability of this class of main group element-based reductants. Through a joint experimental and theoretical study, it will be demonstrated that these compounds can advantageously replace non-renewable hydroboranes or hydrosilanes in various reducing processes, which will be unified behind the more general concept of transfer hydroelementation.
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Clément Chauvier. Nouvelles réactions d'hydroboration et d'hydrosilylation par transfert avec des réducteurs renouvelables à base d'acide formique. Catalyse. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLS359⟩. ⟨tel-01910806⟩

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