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Synthèse, caractérisation et modélisation de matériaux multiferroiques (magnétoélectriques) composites massifs

Abstract : The direct magnetoelectric effect is defined by the modification of the electric polarization induced by a magnetic field. Although this effect exists intrinsically in some materials, here we study the extrinsic effect, where the magnetoelectric effect results from an intermediate coupling between two distinct phases. In this case, the most common idea is to mechanically couple (by gluing) a piezoelectric material to a magnetostrictive material. Thus, by applying a magnetic field, the magnetostrictive material is deformed and transmits a stress to the piezoelectric material which makes its polarization change.In this thesis, we are interested in two types of laminar magnetoelectric composites: those using soft magnetostrictive ferrites (nickel ferrite) and those using semi-hard ferrites (cobalt ferrite). For each composites, we want to optimize the magnetoelectric effect by highlighting the parameters that mainly influence this coupling. As a result, we deal with different aspects such as the influence of the demagnetizing effect in multilayers, the volume fraction in the composites, the secondary phases, the dynamic magnetostriction, the uniaxial magnetic anisotropy, and finally the frequency and the amplitude of the magnetic exciting field on the magnetoelectric effect. Thanks to the understanding of the physical phenomena involved and the optimization of the resulting magnetoelectric coupling, we have been able to develop a current sensor with characteristics comparable to currently marketed current sensors that use other technologies (Hall effect, current transformer).
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01909416
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 31, 2018 - 10:23:08 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01909416, version 1

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Alex Aubert. Synthèse, caractérisation et modélisation de matériaux multiferroiques (magnétoélectriques) composites massifs. Energie électrique. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLN036⟩. ⟨tel-01909416⟩

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