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Characterizing the role of dependence receptor Notch3 in tumour angiogenesis

Abstract : The Notch signalling is a highly conserved signalling which mediates numerous of biological processes, including embryonic development, tissue homeostasis especially in the cell fate decision. Widely implicating in tumorigenesis, the Notch signalling is also a key regulator of angiogenesis. Increasing number of studies showed that, the Notch signalling plays an important role in mediating tumour angiogenesis. Therefore, various efforts have been made to inhibit the canonical Notch pathway. To date, besides Notch1, other Notch receptors were few studied in tumour angiogenesis. Notch3, expressed restrictedly in vascular system, has never been studied in the tumour angiogenesis context. Therefore, the objective of my thesis is to study the role of Notch3 during tumour angiogenesis. Here, we showed that Notch3 is aberrantly expressed in tumour endothelial cells where it presents an unexpected pro-apoptotic effect. By silencing Noth3 in the tumour microenvironment, we showed that Notch3 limits tumour angiogenesis via its pro-apoptotic function in tumour endothelial cells which results in inhibition of tumour growth. In addition, we found that JAG1 is up-regulated in a fraction of human cancers. Furthermore, tumour derived JAG1 favourite the survival of tumour endothelial cells by inhibiting the pro-apoptotic effect of Notch3. We thus present here for the first time that Notch3 as a dependence receptor inducing apoptosis in tumour endothelial cells which is blocked by JAG1. Consequently, we show that the well-documented anti-tumour effect mediated by g-secretase inhibition is at least in part dependent on the apoptosis triggered by Notch3 in endothelial cells
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 31, 2018 - 1:01:11 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01909212, version 1

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Shuheng Lin. Characterizing the role of dependence receptor Notch3 in tumour angiogenesis. Molecular biology. Université de Lyon, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE1222⟩. ⟨tel-01909212⟩

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