Étude structurale et fonctionnelle du complexe Rpf2/Rrs1 impliqué dans la biogenèse du ribosome

Abstract : Ribosome Biogenesis is a complex process that requires the production and the correct assembly of the 4 rRNA with more than 80 proteins. Ribosome biogenesis starts by the transcription of a pre-RNA precursor in the nucleolus. Three of the four ribosomal RNAs, the 5.8S, 18S, and 25S rRNAs, are cotranscribed as a single 35S precursor by polymerase I. This precursor is cotranscriptionally modified, folded, cleaved, and assembled with both ribosomal proteins and non-ribosomal factors to generate the mature ribosomes. The fourth rRNA, the 5S rRNA, is transcribed by RNA polymerase III and is assembled into the 5S particle, containing ribosomal proteins Rpl5 and Rpl11, prior to its incorporation into preribosomes. In mammals, the 5S RNP is also a central regulator of the homeostasis of the tumor suppressor p53 The main objective of my thesis was to understand the precise roles of the two assembly factors Rpf2 and Rrs1 in ribosome biogenesis. These proteins have two distinctive functions : Rpf2 and Rrs1 are required for the 5S particle incorporation into the large subunit, and stimulate the rRNA transciption by polymerase I. Using a combination of structural studies by X-Ray crystallography and biochemical approaches as in vitro and in vivo methods to study proteins-RNA interactions, I was able to uncover the function of the Rpf2/Rrs1 dimer in the maturation of the large subunit through the recruitment of the 5S particle. I also studied the function of Rpf2 and Rrs1 in the rRNA transcription regulation, by characterizing physical connection with polymerase I subunits.
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Clément Madru. Étude structurale et fonctionnelle du complexe Rpf2/Rrs1 impliqué dans la biogenèse du ribosome. Biochimie [q-bio.BM]. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCB142⟩. ⟨tel-01908702⟩

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