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Caractérisation cinétique de la biodégradation de substrats solides et application à l’optimisation et à la modélisation de la co-digestion

Abstract : Anaerobic digestion represents one of the major actors of sustainable development and the circular economy in the concept of "Waste to Energy". Given the great diversity of organic waste, its development requires the optimisation of co-digestion. Hence, it is needed to develop simple tools to characterize substrates and predict digester performance in order to optimize their operation. This thesis focuses on the characterization of biodegradation of solid substrates by anaerobic digestion and optimization of co-digestion using a simple modelling approach. First, a new batch protocol was implemented to quantify the Biochemical Methane Potential (BMP), integrating an acclimatization phase between the inoculum and the substrate. Then, a simple model was developed based on the fractionation of organic matter into three sub-fractions. This approach has allowed to develop a database including kinetics and BMPs of 50 substrates. Second, co-digestion experiments of two solid substrates were conducted in semi-continuous mode at a constant organic loading rate (OLR) and then at increasing applied loads. The experimental methane yields were always higher than the BMP values of the mixtures calculated from the BMPs of each substrate, underlining the importance of endogenous respiration. Four models including endogenous respiration with different assumptions were proposed and evaluated to predict raw methane production from semi-continuous digesters using substrate data (BMP and kinetics) acquired in batch mode. Two models for which the experimental methane production at increasing OLR corresponded well to the modelled data were validated. The chosen modelling approach was then applied to more complex mixtures of 3 and 5 substrates and to bio-waste. Finally, the response of a digester operated in flexible production mode, i.e. receiving regular punctual organic overloads, was also successfully modelled. The proposed modelling approach provides a simple tool that can be useful to design offices, manufacturers and operators of co-digestion units for the optimisation of feed mixtures and OLR to be used in continuous mode. This should reduce the risk of failure and optimise the profitability of co-digestion units.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 30, 2018 - 1:47:55 PM
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Mokhles Kouas. Caractérisation cinétique de la biodégradation de substrats solides et application à l’optimisation et à la modélisation de la co-digestion. Génie des procédés. Université Montpellier; Université de Sfax. Faculté des sciences, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018MONTG021⟩. ⟨tel-01908664⟩

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