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Régulation des comportements sociaux par l'action séquentielle de l'ocytocine et de la vasopressine dans le septum latéral

Abstract : Context : Oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (VP) modulate social behaviors. The roles of OT and VP have been interrogated so far in isolation whereas combinatorial effects are anticipated as both hormones are secreted during social behavior. In the lateral septum (LS), a brain area processing behavioral social cues, OT and VP are released during social interaction and modulate social recognition or discrimination. Aim : To understand the dual function of OT and VP during social behavior in physiological and pathological conditions. Methods : In male mice, we used electroencephalographic (EEG) activity as a readout to characterize OT and VP dependent electrophysiological signatures and their sequence. We manipulated OT and VP systems to LS during social recognition/discrimination paradigm using pharmacology and optogenetic tools. Using slice electrophysiology, we characterized electrophysiological responses of LS neurons to both of these hormons.Results : Measurement of EEG theta activity allowed us to discriminate between OT and VP dependent LS modulation and indicated that VP would be released in the LS during 1st encounter with a juvenile while OT would be released during the habituation process. Modulation of OT and VP actions on the LS demonstrate that V1a activation during 1st encounter is essential for social discrimination and OT receptor activation during the habituation process allows the regain of interest for a new juvenile. We also demonstrated that OT and VP modulate electrical activity of almost all LS neurons. The nature of this modulation define 3 neuronal categories that communicate with each other through GABAergic signalling. Magel2KO mouse, which features social deficits, presents an altered balance of LS regulation by OT and VP. It suggests that this regulation could be involved in some pathological symptomatology.Conclusions : These results shed a light on the necessity to study vasopressin along with oxytocin. Doing this, we showed that vasopressinergic and oxytocinergic activation of the LS are sequentially important during the social recognition paradigm. Futhermore, this sequence of events is impaired in a mouse model featuring deficits of OT and social disabilities.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 29, 2018 - 3:23:05 PM
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Amélie Borie. Régulation des comportements sociaux par l'action séquentielle de l'ocytocine et de la vasopressine dans le septum latéral. Sciences agricoles. Université Montpellier, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018MONTT015⟩. ⟨tel-01907829⟩

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