Tribulations d'une jeunesse sans diplôme : de l'école aux dispositifs « seconde chance »

Abstract : Dropping out of school has been seen as a risk rather than for individual than for collective well-being given the economic and social up heavals of the French society since the 70’s. A lot of measures have been implemented to tackle the phenomenon whether preventive or repairing. The first ones aim to prevent the dropout and the others are meant to promote the « school reconnection », or in other words to encourage the dropouts to return to school. Processes leading to dropout are now well-known from a scientific perspective. By contrast, there is only limited information on processes leading to reconnect with education. With the objective to fill this gap, this PhD provides a focus on what happens for the dropouts after they leave school, redrawing their path to « school reconnection ». This study includes an observation of the functioning of the so-called « seconde chance » establishments and an analysis of their effects on their pupils. Through a sequential approach of those paths, we identified three key sequences: the dropout, the reconnection and the remaining sequence in which young people invest their reconnection training. I wanted to highlight the ingredients leading to a sequence to another. To do so, I lead 120 semi-structured interviews with young people who dropped out and are now or have been registered within 3 types of French remediation establishments : the « Écoles de la Deuxième chance », the « EPIDe»(Établissement Publics d’Insertion à la Défense), and the « SRE » (Structures de retour à l’école).To begin with, I noted that time is a key ingredient for school reconnection. Furthermore I noticed that the remaining sequence depends on how young people read their situation combining their past scholar experience, the reconnection program constraints and its contributions, effective or expected. Finally, I observed that remediation establishments rely on their social and economic environment, meaning that the « reconnection » can not be viewed as a counterpart of dropout.
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Juliette Vollet. Tribulations d'une jeunesse sans diplôme : de l'école aux dispositifs « seconde chance ». Sociologie. Université de Bordeaux, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BORD0193⟩. ⟨tel-01907276⟩

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