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Analyse didactique clinique de pratiques enseignantes auprès d'élèves en situation de handicap mental : étude de cas rapprochés de quatre enseignants spécialisés en Tunisie

Abstract : This thesis is proposed to study the specialized teaching practices for student’ mental disabilities in Tunisia. We proceed by a comparative study of specialized teachers cases in an attempt to articulate some concepts of disciplinary didactics and a psychoanalytic Clinical Orientation. The resort to an intersection of a methodology of Cooperative Didactic Engineering with the Clinical Didactic Methodology at three stages (“Déjà-là”, l’épreuve,“après-coup”), have allowed us to create analysis conditions intra-site and inter-site in order to appreciate, in detail, the pro, inter and retro interactive decisions linked to the relationship undertaken by the teacher towards the handicap, the adapted physical activity and the institution. Their didactic activities have been described through the audio-video recording of gymnastics sessions (which are a support for our research) and the data of interview (preliminary of the “déjà-là”, ante and post sessions, «après coup”). The obtained results enhance the influence of the already mentioned relationships on didactic and pedagogical choices of observed teachers. This research confirms the assumption that the « déjà-là » of the teachers submitted to the research as the ‘’hidden side of the decisional process, provides potential motives and drives for the professional activity » (Carnus, 2001).
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Hanene Lengliz. Analyse didactique clinique de pratiques enseignantes auprès d'élèves en situation de handicap mental : étude de cas rapprochés de quatre enseignants spécialisés en Tunisie. Education. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016TOU20096⟩. ⟨tel-01906441⟩

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