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Quand l'analyse didactique clinique des pratiques évaluatives révèle les ressorts du désir d'enseigner : étude de cas en français et en mathématiques dans le premier degré (cycle 3)

Abstract : Nowadays, evaluation is a scholasticly thorny question, which is the center of the didactical debate. This clinicaldidactics research with understanding aim questions the asessment situation in primary school (cycle 3) from the teacherpoint of view, both in writing production and problems solving tasks. Within a context where the teacher is versatile, and where pressure to evaluate is getting more and more important, this research tries to understand how teaching desire is(re)structuring, but also which are spécific didactical conversion process of the situation. Last, as evaluation also is the place of contingency and teacher / pupil difficulty place of meeting, it questions the situation effects on the teacher. The originality of this work takes place in its clinical didactic approach, taking as main focal the question ofsubject in its links to knowledge(s), institution and test-time. It's a question of considering professionnal practices acrossprism of evaluation, considering this situtaion is dynamic : it acts on the teacher as the teacher acts on it. Clinicaldidactics, and above all concepts of « déjà-là », « impossible to deal with » and « link to test-time » allow to give lightand understand evaluative situation in a better way. How and why does Jean, a starting teacher practising in a centertown school, continue to teach during evaluative situation ? Why does Karine, experienced teacher in a countrysideschool, refuse evaluation ? And finally, why does Solange, experienced teacher in a mid-urban school, « forget » toorganise writing evaluation ? So much questions that usual didactic struggle to deal with. From the crossed analysis ofthree contrasting cases building, this work tries to characterise the structuring of the link to evaluation from threedimensions : link to institution, link to knwoledge(s) and link to times-test. Data gathered through interviews,questionnaires and videos are analysed from a methodolgy which crosses didactic engineering methodology tools, andclinical didactic temporality. After a first interview, the teacher is getting proposed a didactic engineering of sommativeevaluation including two test, one in wrinting and one in problems solving. Both sessions are video recorded.Afterwards, a second interview allows the subject to re-work his truth out.Taken into didactic, the subject is in the middle of a group of tensions which crystallize during evaluation time.From this point of view, the observation of the teacher during evaluation time, and especially the analysis of gapsbetween what is planned and what is done, or between what is done and what is observed, knowledge to be evalued andknowledge assessed reveal springs of the teaching desire of the subject.Conclusions open tracks for both research and teaching, in the sense of better considering the singularity of thesubject n the conception of education.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 26, 2018 - 4:49:06 PM
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Patricia Mothes. Quand l'analyse didactique clinique des pratiques évaluatives révèle les ressorts du désir d'enseigner : étude de cas en français et en mathématiques dans le premier degré (cycle 3). Education. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016TOU20095⟩. ⟨tel-01906371⟩

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