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Méthodes de commande par allocation de convertisseurs statiques polyphasés, multi-niveaux : de la modélisation à la mise en oeuvre temps-réel

Abstract : In our works, we are interested in control of high-switch-count power converters. The development of multileg, multilevel converters has opened the access to high power and high harmonic quality. The special control of these devices brings to the converter advanced abilities that are more and more requested nowadays, like active harmonic filtering, fault tolerance, active and reactive power transfer, High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) links, etc. However, a higher number of switches in a conversion structure leads to a higher number of control variables, as well as more redundancies and a combinatorial explosion of the number of possible configurations. The development of control laws resulting from approaches traditionally designed for classical topologies, as for space vector modulation methods, becomes harder for new, much complex topologies. Moreover, the too many available switches bring strong control redundancies that are not necessarily exploited, at least arbitrarily. We propose a new control approach that is expected to be less dependent on the number of switches, and that does not suffer from limitations proper to geometrical modulation methods. Firstly, our approach consists in the algebraic formulation of control problems that are generally under-determined, highlighting the presence of redundancies and degrees of freedom, and constrained, because control limitations are taken into account. Interestingly, a connection can be highlighted to the so-called control allocation problem in flight control, robotics, or marine applications. Secondly, in order to compute a unique and optimized control solution at each switching period, we develop new control allocation methods for power converters based on on-line numerical optimization using linear programming techniques. Consequently, duty cycles are automatically optimized to satisfy voltage references while respecting saturations and exploiting available redundancies depending on the state of the converter. We highlight the properties naturally offered by our methods. In particular, all modulation solutions yield a maximized extension of the linearity range of the converter. We propose control allocation methods for the voltage or current control of many topologies: the four-leg two-level inverter, the multicellular flying capacitor inverter, the modular multilevel inverter.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 26, 2018 - 4:40:07 PM
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Abdelkader Bouarfa. Méthodes de commande par allocation de convertisseurs statiques polyphasés, multi-niveaux : de la modélisation à la mise en oeuvre temps-réel. Energie électrique. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU30261⟩. ⟨tel-01906348⟩

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