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Signature sédimentaire des submersions de tempête dans le domaine rétrolittoral : application à la Charente Maritime

Abstract : This thesis presents the study of the sedimentary signature of marine submersions triggered by storms, in the back barrier area. This signature can be extremely variable mainly according to the meteo-oceanic parameters leading to the submersion of the back barrier area, the morphology of the nearshore, shore and back barrier area, and sediment availability. Firstly, the study of washover deposits emplaced during the winter of 2013-2014 on the southern end of the Oléron Island, characterized by an exceptional wave climate, via a coupled hydrodynamical and sedimentological approach, allowed us to (1) highlight the importance of infragravity waves, on macrotidal and dissipative coasts, in triggering the overwash and emplace washover deposits ; and (2) to suggest a new facies model of washover deposits emplaced by infragravity waves combined to high tides. Secondly, the characterization of the sedimentary signature of marine submersions in the distal part of the back barrier area showed that in the morphological context of the Charente-Maritime coastal marshes, the extremely limited amounts of sediments in provenance from the continent, between two submersion events, prevent the distinction of the different marine submersion sedimentary layers. Nevertheless, this study allowed validating new proxies as microfauna and organic matter isotopy for the identification of marine submersion sedimentary signature, allowing to work independently of the granulometric anomaly proxy and its known limits. This study also allowed evidencing the variability in the sedimentary signature of marine submersions in geomorphologically contrasted marshes and that this variability was linked to the ocean waves exposure.
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Juliette Baumann. Signature sédimentaire des submersions de tempête dans le domaine rétrolittoral : application à la Charente Maritime. Sciences de la Terre. Université de La Rochelle, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LAROS038⟩. ⟨tel-01906053⟩

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