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Annonce de mauvaises nouvelles dans le cadre de la prise en charge de patients atteints de sclérose en plaques : approches phénoménologique et clinique des processus intrasubjectifs et intersubjectifs de la relation médecin-patient

Abstract : Context. This research aims to explore the neurologist’s and patient’s lived experiences of breaking bad news in multiple sclerosis and the lived experience of this disease, to understand the basic conditions of their relationship, and to create reflective clinical tools aimed at helping neurologists to maintain the quality of their relationship with the patients. Methodology. Multicentre qualitative study presents the results obtained from the analysis of 83 clinical research interviews with 35 patients and 20 neurologists, using IPA and a clinical psychodynamic. Results. Breaking bad news (BBN) in multiple sclerosis are lived as stressful experience for the majority of the neurologists of the research, a situations lived with frustration and sometimes powerlessness. Psychic impacts engendered by the BBN, the perception in certain cases of a relation to the doctor divested of empathy, the feeling of powerlessness linked to the unpredictable character of the evolution of this gradually crippling disease as well as a mistrust as for the efficiency of the proposed treatments explain partially the fragility of the therapeutic alliance with the neurologist and sometimes the extreme psychological reactions of the patients. Conclusion and opening. Results obtained : engage an ethical reflection on the information to transmit to the patient, and to suggest training to neurologists based on the tool created in tis research
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 25, 2018 - 3:30:07 PM
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William Houllé. Annonce de mauvaises nouvelles dans le cadre de la prise en charge de patients atteints de sclérose en plaques : approches phénoménologique et clinique des processus intrasubjectifs et intersubjectifs de la relation médecin-patient. Psychologie. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0387⟩. ⟨tel-01905082⟩

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