Des atomes froids pour sonder et manipuler des photons piégés

Abstract : The subject of my thesis was the construction of a new cavity quantum electrodynamics (CQED) setup. This setup allowed us to achieve a long interaction time between circular Rydberg states and a few photons confined inside a high-finesse supraconductor cavity. A cold atoms source produces a slow atomic beam of atoms with a mean velocity of about 12 m.s$^{-1}$ wich cross the cavity. With a few milisecond interaction time we are able to perform quantum Zeno dynamics (QZD) on the field. This evidently non-classical dynamics constitute an elegant tool to manipulate and synthetize arbitrary superpositions of quasi-classical Glauber states. Thanks to the anaharmonisity of the spectrum this can be achieved $via$ a probe pulse used for measurement, providing in a binary way the complete information to decide if there are $n_{0}$ photons in the cavity or not. Thanks to our long interaction time we are able to resolve the dressed states. In this work we describe the first results attesting our abily to achieve a long interaction time. Particularly, we report a long Rabi vacuum oscillation and the spectrum of the dressed states for different cavity fields. Finaly we characterize the efficiency with wich we can select a Fock state using the interaction with only one atom. This thesis paves the way to study QZD on the cavity field.
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Dorian Grosso. Des atomes froids pour sonder et manipuler des photons piégés. Physique Quantique [quant-ph]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066572⟩. ⟨tel-01902078⟩

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