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Learning based event model for knowledge extraction and prediction system in the context of Smart City

Abstract : Billions of “things” connected to the Internet constitute the symbiotic networks of communication devices (e.g., phones, tablets, and laptops), smart appliances (e.g., fridge, coffee maker and so forth) and networks of people (e.g., social networks). So, the concept of traditional networks (e.g., computer networks) is expanding and in future will go beyond it, including more entities and information. These networks and devices are constantly sensing, monitoring and generating a vast amount of data on all aspects of human life. One of the main challenges in this area is that the network consists of “things” which are heterogeneous in many ways, the other is that their state of the interconnected objects is changing over time, and there are so many entities in the network which is crucial to identify their interdependency in order to better monitor and predict the network behavior. In this research, we address these problems by combining the theory and algorithms of event processing with machine learning domains. Our goal is to propose a possible solution to better use the information generated by these networks. It will help to create systems that detect and respond promptly to situations occurring in urban life so that smart decision can be made for citizens, organizations, companies and city administrations. Social media is treated as a source of information about situations and facts related to the users and their social environment. At first, we tackle the problem of identifying the public opinion for a given period (year, month) to get a better understanding of city dynamics. To solve this problem, we proposed a new algorithm to analyze complex and noisy textual data such as Twitter messages-tweets. This algorithm permits an automatic categorization and similarity identification between event topics by using clustering techniques. The second challenge is combing network data with various properties and characteristics in common format that will facilitate data sharing among services. To solve it we created common event model that reduces the representation complexity while keeping the maximum amount of information. This model has two major additions: semantic and scalability. The semantic part means that our model is underlined with an upper-level ontology that adds interoperability capabilities. While the scalability part means that the structure of the proposed model is flexible in adding new entries and features. We validated this model by using complex event patterns and predictive analytics techniques. To deal with the dynamic environment and unexpected changes we created dynamic, resilient network model. It always chooses the optimal model for analytics and automatically adapts to the changes by selecting the next best model. We used qualitative and quantitative approach for scalable event stream selection, that narrows down the solution for link analysis, optimal and alternative best model. It also identifies efficient relationship analysis between data streams such as correlation, causality, similarity to identify relevant data sources that can act as an alternative data source or complement the analytics process.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01901587
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 23, 2018 - 8:49:06 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:18:40 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, January 24, 2019 - 12:49:52 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01901587, version 1

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Olivera Kotevska. Learning based event model for knowledge extraction and prediction system in the context of Smart City. Computers and Society [cs.CY]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAM005⟩. ⟨tel-01901587⟩

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