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Les nanoparticules d'or comme agents de nanostructuration et de transduction pour les biocapteurs. Application à l'immunodétection du diclofénac et de l'entérotoxine A de S. aureus

Abstract : This project focussed on the asset of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) in the build up of piezoelectric and plasmonic immunosensors. Two strategies were implemented, taking advantage of the unique physico-chemical features of GNPs. The first approach consisted in nanostructuring the surface of piezoelectric sensors by GNPs, to exploit their high surface / volume ratio. The second approach consisted in employing the GNPs as transducer in colorimetric biosensors, by making use of their optical properties. In a first part, nanostructuration of planar materials covered with gold or silicon by GNPs (14 nm) was achieved. Each step of the construction of thin films of GNPs was checked by various surface characterization techniques, including contact angle measurements, IR spectroscopy, XPS and SEM. These surfaces were then employed in the development of piezoelectric immunosensors for the detection of the pharmaceutical pollutant diclofenac and staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA), a bacterial toxin produced by S. aureus. The input of GNPs was evidenced by comparison with the performances of planar immunosensors. In a second part, the build up of a colorimetric immunosensor operating in the homogeneous phase was achieved by making use of the shift of the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) band resulting from the change of local refraction index induced by the immunological reaction between SEA and GNP-anti-SEA bioconjugate. These studies establish a model for the development of immunosensor for a rapid detection in the ng/mL range.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01901562
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  • HAL Id : tel-01901562, version 1

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Maroua Ben Haddada. Les nanoparticules d'or comme agents de nanostructuration et de transduction pour les biocapteurs. Application à l'immunodétection du diclofénac et de l'entérotoxine A de S. aureus. Chimie-Physique [physics.chem-ph]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066625⟩. ⟨tel-01901562⟩

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