Angelo Costantini (1654-1729), Mezzetin de la Comédie Italienne. : héritier d'une tradition ou précurseur d'un nouveau modèle de comédien ?

Abstract : .We know the character of Mezzetino thanks to Watteau. He is without doubt the character of the Commedia dell'arte the most painted in the 17th and 18th century iconography. It was Angelo Costantini who made him famous. But what do we know exactly about this comedian and his character? Born in Verona in 1654, son of an italian comedian and musician, he starts to play the theater in Italy before coming in France in the royal troupe. To emphasize, he invents a new type adventurer and servant, but mostly musician : Mezzetino, short for mezzetta, which means half portion. This new zanni between Scapino and Brighella made Costantini famous in Paris. The audience liked him very much and forced him to play without a mask because he was handsome. But the character is it really his invention? In this thesis, we attempt to thwart the prejudices which accompany traditionally the papers on the actor. Costantini marked his time, he was called to play in the biggest european courts (Varsovia, Dresden, Madrid or London). We followed his tracks in a first part to study then the character of Mezzetino and his peculiarities. Were both inseparable?
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Anne Juliette Hélène Derex. Angelo Costantini (1654-1729), Mezzetin de la Comédie Italienne. : héritier d'une tradition ou précurseur d'un nouveau modèle de comédien ?. Art et histoire de l'art. Normandie Université, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017NORMC041⟩. ⟨tel-01900975⟩

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