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Réalisation d'un micro-capteur optofluidique pour la mesure déportée de radionucléides

Abstract : .The use of nuclear energy for electricity production presents an important concern with radiotoxic waste management for present and future generations. In view of this fact, the chemists’ community has been searching for solutions to treat and recycle nu-clear fuel. The miniaturization of chemical processes is extensively sought out nowerdays, in an attempt to reduce laboratory acivity risks, delays and costs. The researched ana-lytical innovation requires subsequent development of appropriate analysis tools. In this respect, the work presented here addresses the development of co-integrated optofluidic micro-systems on borosilicate glass, compatible with nuclear e˜uent analysis constraints. A spectrometric sensor is designed, fabricated, interfaced and characterized in a nuclear environement. An optical waveguide and a microfluidic channel are designed adjacent to one another in order to obtain wide-spectrum absorption spectroscopy measurements by light/fluid evanescent interaction. Both ion-exchange technology and wet-etching tech-nologies were used to create the optical and fluidic planar functions. The device is assem-bled by direct molecular bonding with an optimized protocole which withstands surface energies > 2, 5 J·m2. Sensor optical and fluidic functions are interfaced with fiber optics and fluid capillaries in order for the chip to be used within a plug-and-play detection chain. Spectral measurements of a plutonium(VI) in nitric acid solution have allowed to verify the technological solution’s compatibility with harsh acid manipulation and irra-diation resistance. The system put together for the detection of plutonium(VI) displays a detection limit of 1.6×10−2 mol·L−1 for a probed volume below 1 nano-liter, inside a 21 micro-liter channel. A new sensor design is studied in the thesis work perspectives in order to optimize sensor detection limit and channel volume and reach industrial tools analytical performances with nano-liter sample volumes.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01900543, version 1

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Timothée Allenet. Réalisation d'un micro-capteur optofluidique pour la mesure déportée de radionucléides. Optique / photonique. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAT041⟩. ⟨tel-01900543⟩

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