Etude par luminescence à deux photons des propriétés plasmoniques de nano-objets uniques métalliques ou hybrides

Abstract : My PhD work has been dealing with the two-photon luminescence (TPL) study of single gold nanostructures, possibly coupled in order to determine their nano-antenna optical properties. Key parameters to explain the origin of the TPL were provided from the two-photon luminescence study of single small 10 nm x 40 nm colloidal gold nanorods (GNR) which highlight the transverse plasmon influence. This origin was confirmed by the results obtained after the characterization of nanobipyramid exhibiting plasmonic properties closed to nanorods. A deeper insight in this model was further developed after investigating the properties of gold nanorods having closed aspect ratio and plasmonic resonances but increasing volume. Experimental data were correlated with BEM (Boundary Elements Method) simulations. It was shown that the TPL signal was coming from the bulk atoms. Photodegradations problems have moreover been observed and analyzed. Above the analysis of gold nanorods, the lightning rod effect of nanobipyramid was also investigated. Finally very high TPL intensity spots were recorded in semi-continuous gold films close to percolation. A second part of my study was related to the fabrication and the characterization of the optical properties of hybrid nano-emitters. They were fabricated by coupling a nano-antenna with fluorophores. Two different techniques were tested: the so-called layer-by-layer method and localized nanophotopolymerization. In both cases, together with the difficulty to accurately control both methods, retrieving the molecules signal from the huge TPL signal of the gold nanostructures was shown to be rather difficult.
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Céline Molinaro. Etude par luminescence à deux photons des propriétés plasmoniques de nano-objets uniques métalliques ou hybrides. Matière Condensée [cond-mat]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLS321⟩. ⟨tel-01900352⟩

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