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De la source à la ressource : Territoires, héritages et coopération autour de la valorisation de l'énergie solaire en Rhône-Alpes

Abstract : This research deals with the construction of renewable energy resources, and along the way, the construction of the energy transition sustainability in the wake of the new geography of resources (Bridge, Castree). It is argued that an energy resource emerges from a set of relations woven between an energy source and a value perspective progressively associated to it. Thus, resource qualities are not given by the physical characteristics of the energy source (e.g. the diffuse and abundant solar radiation) but by the relations (material, social, spatial) woven around this source to associate it to several materialities (e.g. the electric grid, the roofs, the landscape) in order to construct its value. Within this framework, the energy resources sustainability is presented as a relational quality that emerges while the “associated milieu” (Simondon) of photovoltaic projects is structured.The thesis is organized around an inquiry about the emergence within the Rhône-Alpes region of photovoltaic cooperative projects (i.e. the “centrales villageoises”) that try to construct the solar energy resource in a collective and multidimensional manner (e.g. landscape, value redistribution) in the context of the early 2010s. The inquiry underlines that these projects relies on heritages (e.g. networks of actors, skills and political visions) from a series of pioneering energy projects developed in Rhône-Alpes between the 1970s and the 1990s. Through these heritages, the collectives learn to deal with a national photovoltaic policy that does not seem favourable for them. Their contribution to the construction of sustainable energy resources rests on the ability of these collectives to constantly adapt themselves to overcome the many trials they face.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 19, 2018 - 11:40:26 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 8:03:21 PM
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Antoine Fontaine. De la source à la ressource : Territoires, héritages et coopération autour de la valorisation de l'énergie solaire en Rhône-Alpes. Géographie. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAH006⟩. ⟨tel-01899083⟩



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