Infrared Micro-tomography for the characterization of extra-terrestrial materials

Abstract : Laboratory based studies of extraterrestrialmaterials derived from primitive objectsis fundamental to improve our knowledgeabout the formation and the evolutionof the Solar System as well as for interpretingobservations collected by spacecraftand landers. Precise laboratory analysesof samples obtained from sample returnmissions are essential to understand theconditions and the physico-chemical processes,which lead to the formation of thesmall bodies and planets. The aim of thisinterdisciplinary thesis was to exploit theinfrared imaging and to implement threedimensionalFourier transform infrared microtomographyto study different extraterrestrialmaterials (meteorites and asteroidaldust). Moreover, X-ray tomographywas used to determine the precise shape ofthe samples. With these analytical methods,we have characterized the compositionof extraterrestrial materials withoutdestroying them at very high resolution.We have studied the post-accretional effects,such as aqueous alteration inside theparent’s bodies or space weathering at thesurface of asteroids, on both the mineraland the organic components. In particular,we studied the correlations between the organicmaterials and the minerals observedin the sample, which is fundamental to understandthe origin and the evolution of theorganic matter.
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Zelia Dionnet. Infrared Micro-tomography for the characterization of extra-terrestrial materials. Astrophysics [astro-ph]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS291⟩. ⟨tel-01897469⟩

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