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Influence of the Pressure on the Multiferroicity of RMn2O5

Abstract : The series of multiferroic RMn2O5 has been extensively studied due to its strong magnetoelectriccoupling. The ferroelectricity origin has been clarified as the exchange striction mechanism. As thevariations of the interatomic distances modified by the external pressure can greatly affect the multiferroicproperties, it is essential to understand the microscopic origin of this effect.In this thesis, we have systematically studied the multiferroic properties of the RMn2O5 compounds byusing powder X-rays diffraction and powder neutron diffraction (PND) under pressure. We have determinedthe magnetic structure of the pressure induced commensurate magnetic (PCM) phase and drawn the p − Tphase diagram. Based on a subtle energy balance among the exchange interaction J1, the R-Mn exchangeinteraction J6 and the anisotropy of the rare earth, we have proposed a mechanism for stabilizing thedifferent magnetic phases as a function of the pressure for the different compounds with R = Dy, Gd andSm. The enhanced J1 under pressure at room temperature from the X-ray diffraction study further confirmsthis mechanism. An additional explanation has been proposed for the special case of the PrMn2O5. Theseresults certainly pave the way to fully understand the origin of the pressure influence in the RMn2O5 family
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Wei Peng. Influence of the Pressure on the Multiferroicity of RMn2O5. Strongly Correlated Electrons [cond-mat.str-el]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS296⟩. ⟨tel-01897078v2⟩

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