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, Emplacement depth of the Raches granite 308

, Interpretation and discussion 309 7.1. Continuity of deformation in the Raches granite from magmatic to solid state 309 7.2. Localization of deformation during cooling and late-exhumation of the Raches granite 311 7.3. Granite intrusions and development of metamorphic

. Crittenden, Metamorphic Core Complexes (MCCs) are crustal-scale structures exhumed by major shallow-dipping extensional shear zones, or detachments. They result from the intense thinning of a previously thickened continental crust in post-orogenic extensional context (Dewey, 1988). First described in the Basin and Range Province, Wernicke, 1981) these structures were later recognized throughout the world in young mountain belts, 1979.

A. Himalayas, Jolivet and Brun, 2010) and the development of detachments often interacts with syntectonic intrusions. On the one hand, detachments may either be seen as conduits for ascending magmas or as barriers limiting their rise, 1980.

, Therefore, the role of detachments in the emplacement of magmatic intrusions, or conversely, the role of intrusions to localize deformation remains not clearly understood. Series of MCCs have been described in the Mediterranean region, notably in the Aegean domain, where some of the Cycladic islands, pp.152-171, 1984.

, ? Corresponding author. E-mail addresses: valentin.laurent@univ-orleans.fr (V. Laurent), alexandre.beaudoin@univ-orleans.fr (A. Beaudoin), laurent.jolivet@univ-orleans.fr (L. Jolivet), laurent.arbaret@univ-orleans.fr (L. Arbaret), romain.augier@univ-orleans.fr (R. Augier), aurelien.rabillard@univ-orleans.fr (A. Rabillard), armel.menant@cnrs-orleans.fr (A. Menant)

, low-pressure and high-temperature (LP-HT) environment (Fig. 1a, Jolivet and Patriat, 1999.

. Jolivet, It is composed of non-metamorphic Permian to Mesozoic sediments, some minor, mainly Cretaceous, orthogneisses, ophiolites and rocks metamorphosed under greenschist-facies to amphibolitefacies conditions, 2) the Cycladic BlueSchist unit (CBS) is structurally positioned below the UC unit. It is composed of metapelites, quartzites, marbles and various amounts of metabasites all equilibrated in blueschist-or eclogite-facies conditions, The Cycladic archipelago is located in the center of the Aegean domain and corresponds to the deepest exhumed parts of the Hellenides-Taurides belt (Fig. 1a). Three tectonic units are traditionally recognized in the Cyclades, 1978.

. Tomaschek, 2001) during the Eocene, followed by a greenschist to amphibolite overprint of variable intensity during the Oligocene and the Miocene, 1982.

. Duchene, This unit is composed of Variscan orthogneisses mantled by metasediments that locally retain metamorphic relics of amphibolite-facies assemblages suggesting a complex pre-Alpine history, 3) the Cycladic Continental Basement (CCB) crops out on different islands from the center to the south of the Cyclades (e.g. Paros, Naxos, Ios or Sikinos) and is structurally positioned beneath the CBS, 1982.

P. Grasemann, , 1973.

. Pe-piper, These intrusions are of two types: 1) S-type per-aluminous two-mica leucogranites and granites and 2) I-type granites resulting from lower crust and mantle partial melting, 2002.

. Pe-piper, In the entire Aegean domain, magmatic intrusions were all dated between 15 and 10 Ma while volcanic rocks yielded ages between 11 and 6 Ma, 1982.

. Brichau, , 1998.

. Weidmann, The southward younging emplacement ages of both volcanic and magmatic rocks highlight the southward migration of the magmatic arc in relation to the retreating African slab (Fig. 1a), 1984.

. Altherr, Geology of Ikaria Ikaria Island is located in the northeastern part of the Cyclades, near the west coast of Turkey and close to the island of Samos. Three tectonic units are recognized (Fig. 1b, 1982.

. Papanikolaou, , 1978.

, The non-metamorphic Fanari unit, correlated with the UC unit corresponds to series of Miocene to Pliocene sandstones, conglomerates and ophiolitic molasses (Photiades, 2002.

. Altherr, Recently, based on structural and metamorphic criteria, The intermediate unit consists of alternating marble and metapelite layers, metamorphosed in greenschist-facies conditions, 1982.

. Altherr, The Ikaria unit is composed of an up to 1 km-thick association of metasediments including micaschist and marble layers and minor metabasite occurrences (Photiades, 2002), 1982.

. Kumerics, Recent studies in the metamorphic dome, 2005.

. Ring, , 2007.

A. Kirykos and . Fanari, UC) units, except for its northern part where it juxtaposes directly the Fanari and Ikaria units (Fig. 2), 2) the granitic intrusions are recognized on Ikaria Island

. Bolhar, Ring, 2007): two smallscale S-type intrusions (Xylosyrtis and Karkinagrion) and the large I-type Raches intrusion that constitutes the largest magmatic intrusion of the whole Cycladic archipelago, 1982.

. Kumerics, , 2002.

. Altherr, The intrusion consists of a two-mica granite with a uniformly fine grain-size and characterized by a mineral assemblage of feldspar, plagioclase, quartz, biotite and muscovite. Minor and accessory phases are green hornblende, apatite, zircon, tourmaline, magnetite and cassiterite, The S-type Xylosyrtis granite intrudes the Ikaria unit on the southeastern coast of the island, 1982.

. Ma-(bolhar, , 2010.

. Altherr, Mineral assemblage consists of feldspar phenocrysts, zoned plagioclase, quartz, biotite and hornblende with accessory phases such as red allanite, apatite, sphene, titanomagnetite, zircon, tourmaline or garnet, 1982.

. Ma-(bolhar, At variance with the Xylosyrtis intrusion that displays a clear intrusive character within metamorphic series, the nature of the Raches granite contact with the metamorphic dome remains highly controversial. This contact was mapped so far as intrusive (Papanikolaou, 1978), as a detachment, 2005.

D. Boronkay and A. , Deformation in intrusions remains poorly studied. Faure et al. (1991) described for the first time a widespread mylonitic foliation, a N-S stretching lineation and a preferred top-to-the north sense of shear in the Raches granite. These authors stated that magmatic deformation is seldom preserved on Ikaria and only mylonitic, 1994.

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