Anatomical and methodological descriptions leading to optimize corneal refractive surgery procedures

Abstract : While the number of ametropic eyes in the world’s population and consequently the use of surgical correction techniques is increasing, understanding and improving these techniques is a crucial issue. We sought to improve the predictability of certain postoperative results in the case of LASIK (Laser-Assisted In-Situ Keratomileusis), PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy) and cataract surgery, and thus to formulate practical recommendations that would contribute to the development of more personalized treatment strategies. To achieve this objective, we have prospectively used "quality control" methodologies to assess surgeries performed on large samples of patients. First, we studied the pupillary dynamics in LASIK surgery and in particular the role of the pupillary centre, an important point of reference in the centration strategies. We also assessed the dynamics of pupillary diameter and anterior segment changes on eyes undergoing cataract surgery. The second part of the work focused on the role of the epithelium in the corneal topography. We compared specular topographies of the epithelium and Bowman's layer in healthy and keratoconus corneas with mild to moderate myopia corrected by PRK. Finally, in the last part of our research, we were interested in the changes in anatomical parameters of the eye, visual performance and subjective quality of vision occurring in a sample of myopic eyes after LASIK performed with the WaveLight® Refractive Suite (Alcon® Laboratories Inc., USA).
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Imène Salah-Mabed. Anatomical and methodological descriptions leading to optimize corneal refractive surgery procedures. Bioengineering. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS164⟩. ⟨tel-01895622⟩

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