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L’énonciation chez l’enfant : problématique et incidences à partir de l’enseignement de Jacques Lacan

Abstract : In this research we analyse the problem of the enunciation in the child, from a psychoanalytical perspective oriented by Jacques Lacan’s teaching. Two central questions guide our work: What is the originality of the enunciation in Lacan’s theory? What are the particularities of the enunciation in the child? To address the first question, we study the elaboration of this notion in different moments of Lacan’s teaching, by considering especially his sixth seminar (1958-1959). Taking into account the contributions of Jules Séglas, Roman Jakobson, Jacques Damourette and Édouard Pichon, we indicate the specificity of this notion in psychoanalysis in comparison with a linguistic approach: its relation with the negation, its articulation with the desire and the pulsion, its closeness to the superego and the fundamental ghost. On the basis of these conceptualizations, we address the second question, concerning the particularities of the enunciation in the child. Considering the tension between structure and temporality in Lacan’s teaching, we study his perspective of the child, as well as recent discussions about its place in psychoanalytical treatment. By analysing some clinical extracts, we propose to test the thesis of the child localisation between the level of the enunciated (or content) and the level of the enunciation. In this way, we try to specify the incidences and the possible uses of this category in psychoanalytical clinic with children.
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Maria Romé. L’énonciation chez l’enfant : problématique et incidences à partir de l’enseignement de Jacques Lacan. Psychologie. Université Rennes 2, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018REN20035⟩. ⟨tel-01895340⟩

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