Modélisation du contact pneumatique/chaussée pour l'évaluation du bruit de roulement

Abstract : In a tire road contact, the rolling noise results from the mechanical interaction between the asperities of the roadway and the tread pattern. Following this interaction, compressive forces appear to push the two bodies in contact. These forces lead to the vibration of the tyre. These vibrations are the origin of the radiated noise. The work of this thesis falls within the evaluation of rolling noise. The objective is twofold. First, we seek to understanding the mechanisms involved in a rolling process of two rough surfaces that generate vibration and then noise. Second, we aim to show the influence of the road asperities on the interfacial dynamic forces and on the noise generated. In this context, we propose a new 3D model of the dynamic contact based on a modal decomposition of the tyre response. This new approach significantly reduces CPU time. The tyre is modeled by an orthotropic plate on a elastic foundation. The contact problem is solved by the penalty method. This model was validated analytically. This tool allows us to finely predict what happens in the contact area. We can predict contact forces and vibratory velocities. Moreover, it makes it possible to determine the contact area and the pressure maps. At the local scale, the characteristics of a shock are known. We are able not only to determine the maximum force of impact, using time evolution of the contact force, and its duration but also the percentage of shock time.
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Zakia Bazari. Modélisation du contact pneumatique/chaussée pour l'évaluation du bruit de roulement. Autre. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSEC010⟩. ⟨tel-01893845⟩

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