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La relation entre le trouble de stress post-traumatique et le risque suicidaire en Algérie : Résultats de l’enquête Santé Mentale en Population Générale (SMPG)

Abstract : Objective. The Mental Health Survey on General Population was conducted in 2003 by the WHO collaborating centres in Lille (WHOCC-Lille) in partnership with the Mahfoud Boucebci psychiatric hospital (EHS-Alger). Data regarding suicidal risk are exploited in the present study. The main objective aims at studying the relationship between post traumatic stress disorder and suicidal risk.Method. Eight hundred ninety-nine subjects living in Algeria (n=899) took part in this survey. Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) was used to collect data related to mental disorders and suicidal behaviors. Results. 61% of the population (n=548) were exposed to « traumatic » events. PTSD prevalence is estimated to be 13.5% (n = 121) in the overall sample. 13.6% of the subjects (n = 122) present a suicidal risk. There is no direct relationship between PTSD and suicidal risk.However, PTSD significantly increases the suicidal risk in non-practising subjects (OR = 5.81, CI [1.948-17.328], p = 0.001) compared to practising subjects. Suicidal risk is 10 times higher in practising subjects suffering from alcohol problems (OR = 10.26, IC [3.133-33.609], p <= 0.0001). Conclusion. This first study in the general population highlights the relatively high prevalence of suicidal risk and PTSD. Religious practice is a protective element against suicidal behavior. These results could be exploited so that a preventive approach to suicidal risk can be put in place.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 9, 2018 - 5:59:22 PM
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Cherifa Sider. La relation entre le trouble de stress post-traumatique et le risque suicidaire en Algérie : Résultats de l’enquête Santé Mentale en Population Générale (SMPG). Psychologie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCD023⟩. ⟨tel-01891630⟩

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