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La génération d'impulsions courtes d'ondes acoustiques de surface sur un matériau piézo-électrique

Abstract : Generation of short pulses with surface acoustic waves (SAW) is studied, in analogy with the principle of chirped pulse amplification (CPA) used to produce ultrashort laser pulses. Temporal compression of pulses is generally achieved with dispersive elements. A SAW transducer emitting short SAW pulses is used as a dispersive element in this work. A comparative study of chirped inter digital transducers (CIDTs) using the first order model and the p-matrix model is presented. SAW devices are designed and fabricated using the simulation results and the effect of the varying pitch of the CIDts on the response is studied. Appearance of band gaps due to internal reflections within the CIDts and its effect on the directionality of the CIDTs are in particular found and studied.A stabilized time-domain differential optical interferometer is then proposed in order to characterize short pulses, with the surface acoustic wave (SAW) sample placed outside the interferometer. Experiments are conducted with surface acoustic waves excited by a chirped inter-digital transducer on a piezoelectric lithium niobate substrate having an operational bandwidth covering the 200 MHz – 400 MHz frequency range and producing 10 ns pulses with 36 nm maximum out-of-plane displacement. The interferometric response is compared with a direct electrical measurement obtained with a receiving wide bandwidth inter-digital transducer and good correspondence is observed. The effects of varying the path difference of the interferometer and the measurement position on the surface are discussed. Pulse compression along the chirped inter-digital transducer is observed experimentally.Finally, a comparative study of different filter designs for generating short pulses is presented with an objective to find a design to produce the optimal pulse which is short in width and high in amplitude, for a given dispersive element. The inverse filter is found to be the most efficient as it produces a short pulse with the highest amplitude. To optimize the pulse compression for the fabricated devices, experiments are conducted to find the optimal trade-off curve for each chirp case.
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Anurupa Shaw. La génération d'impulsions courtes d'ondes acoustiques de surface sur un matériau piézo-électrique. Other. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017UBFCD063⟩. ⟨tel-01891128⟩

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