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Sélection de fragments d’anticorps dirigés contre les microcystines pour la mise au point de tests d’immunodétection

Abstract : Cyanobacteria are ubiquitous microorganisms that present a worldwide concern to public health authorities because of the toxicity of the cyanotoxins they produce. Some cyanotoxins are hepatotoxins such as microcystins (MCs). At least 200 variants of MCs have been identified till today. In our study, we focus on MC-LR, a monocyclic heptapeptide (cyclo-(D-Ala-L-Leu-D-erythro-β-methylAsp-L-Arg-ADDA-D-Glu-N-methyldehydro-Ala), since it is the most frequently detected and one of the most toxic. In our study, we are interested in developing a fast, sensitive and reliable method to detect MCs. The project aims to develop an alternative pollution detection method that would be better suited to field measurements than the physicochemical methods currently available. The originality of this project lies in the use of two different approaches to select a panel of antibodies suitable for the development of immunodetection tests. The first one is based on the hybridoma technology for the production of monoclonal antibodies. The second one is based on phage display technique to select antibody fragments that are specific to MC-LR from a library of approximately 109 phages, expressing on the surface scFv fragments (Shahsavarian et al., 2014). Two monoclonal antibodies were selected using the first approach, and their specificity was evaluated using ELISA technique. Along with three scFvs selected from phage display approach. An additional scFv was added to this list: 3A8, selected from a previous study (McElhiney et al., 2002) and also specific to MC-LR. The scFvs were cloned into an expression vector in order to get each clone in its scFv soluble form. Then, their specificity to MC-LR was evaluated using ELISA technique and Surface plasmon resonance. The results show a potential specificity to MC-LR. Nevertheless, these results are not very reproducible and call into question the refolding protocol used. A thorough work on this protocol optimization would be necessary, in order to find the key parameters that control the loss or gain of their functionality
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Rita Maalouf. Sélection de fragments d’anticorps dirigés contre les microcystines pour la mise au point de tests d’immunodétection. Biotechnologies. Université de Technologie de Compiègne, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018COMP2424⟩. ⟨tel-01890191⟩

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