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Pharmacologically active microcarriers delivering brainderived neurotrophic factor combined to adult mesenchymal stem cells : novel approach for the treatment of spinal cord injury

Abstract : Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating condition resulting in permanent loss of neural functions. The objective of this thesis is to develop pharmacologically active microcarriers (PAMs) with a fibronectin (FN) surface that deliver biologically active brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in a controlled manner. We want to combine this system with adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for SCI repair. The nanoprecipitated BDNF was encapsulated in FN-PAMs and the in vitro release profile was evaluated. It showed a prolonged, bi-phasic, release of bioactive BDNF, without burst effect. We combined human marrow-isolated adult multilineage-inducible (MIAMI) stem cells and FN-PAMs with an injectable non-toxic silanized-hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (Si-HPMC) hydrogel. We demonstrated that FN-PAMs and the Si-HPMC hydrogel increased the expression of neural/neuronal differentiation markers of MIAMI cells after 1 week. Moreover, the 3D environment (FN-PAMs or hydrogel) enhanced the therapeutic MIAMI cell secretome. To have a clinically translatable system, we chose to use stem cells of the apical papilla (SCAP) and FNPAMs releasing or not BDNF for SCI therapy. More than 90% of SCAP complexed with FN-PAMs (releasing or not BDNF) remained viable for 7 days and an increased neuronal-oligodendroglial gene expression in vitro. The recovery of locomotor function was significantly improved after transplantation of SCAP complexed with FN-PAMs-BDNF with frequent to consistent forelimb-hindlimb coordination after 28 days of treatment.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 5, 2018 - 11:57:06 AM
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Saikrishna Kandalam. Pharmacologically active microcarriers delivering brainderived neurotrophic factor combined to adult mesenchymal stem cells : novel approach for the treatment of spinal cord injury. Human health and pathology. Université d'Angers, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017ANGE0050⟩. ⟨tel-01888707⟩

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