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Accompagnement méthodologique et formation à l'autorégulation des apprentissages : un enjeu essentiel pour pour l'université

Abstract : How to help students become “better learners” (learn""better) by making them discover their cerebral processing and by enabling them to determine and develop their own strategies of learning?We formulate the hypothesis that the question of the contents and that of the strategies to implement are inseparable. We are further interested in the methodological support and, more particularly, in the autoregulation of learning in Higher Education. We try to know with which conditions this support is effective.This study will therefore demonstrate that it is necessary to accompany the students who arrive in Higher Education to allow them to make the most of their training.We also show that the autoregulation of learning (apprenticeships) is not only useful for the students to equip them in their professional role (Coulon,1997), but also, in an indirect way, because its implementation modifies the relationship in the knowledge and in the teaching of the every teacher. We make our demonstration in three stages. We study at first the state of Higher Education in France and highlight several phenomena which characterize its strong evolution during the past sixty years: the significant increase in Higher Education options is not tantamount to democratization (Merle, 2002; Pinto, 2008) and the number of failures remains high (25% of the subscribers do not obtain their diploma in 4 years). Secondly, we enter the educational domain by confronting the academic practices with knowledge brought by sociology, psychology, neurosciences but also research and innovations in pedagogy. Finally, we analyze the experience which we led within our institution with first-year students. We can show that it is possible to facilitate the process of learning and to move forward concretely to the autoregulation of learning. We will finish with some recommendations in the direction of the neoholders of high school diplomas, teachers as well as the institutions of Higher Education.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01887757
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 4, 2018 - 2:31:21 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 28, 2020 - 5:00:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, January 5, 2019 - 3:21:44 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01887757, version 1

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Franck Bertucat. Accompagnement méthodologique et formation à l'autorégulation des apprentissages : un enjeu essentiel pour pour l'université. Education. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE2145⟩. ⟨tel-01887757⟩

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