Développement d'architectures de fibres structurées pour l'amplification d'impulsions haute puissance crête

Abstract : As part of a CIFRE contract between Thales L.A.S. France and the XLIM laboratory (UMR 7252 of the CNRS and the University of Limoges), my thesis project consists in the development of ytterbium-doped optical fiber architectures for pulses amplification with high peak power at a wavelength of 1 µm in order to achieve a coherent beam combination to obtain a laser source with both a very high peak power and a high repetition rate. Based on a large-core fibre design called FA-LPF, two development axes are addressed. The first one concerns the tolerances improvement to an external bending applied on the FA-LPF. With the help of a numerical study, an innovative strategy is implemented to mitigate the effects of bending. The architecture is then called step-index assisted FA-LPF. A single a singlemode laser emission in continuous regime with an optical power of 65 W is demonstrated with a 60 cm bending radius for a 47 µm mode field diameter. The second axis is the implementation of the polarisation control in FA-LPFs. The goal is to obtain a linearly polarised signal. Several numerically tested architectures allow single linear polarisation propagation in passive structures over a broadband optical spectrum, including a singlemode single-polarisation propagation at 1400nm for a core diameter of 140 µm. The best architecture, called FA-LPF 4+2 SAP, is fabricated with active ytterbium dopants. Due to manufacturing defects, the obtained fibres act as polarisation maintaining fibres. A polarisation extinction ratio of 17 dB is obtained in an amplification configuration in continuous regime with 24 dB of gain (an emitted power of 50 W).
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Rémi de Mollerat Du Jeu. Développement d'architectures de fibres structurées pour l'amplification d'impulsions haute puissance crête. Optique / photonique. Université de Limoges, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LIMO0033⟩. ⟨tel-01887666⟩

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