Partage des métaux entre liquide sulfuré et liquide silicaté : Expérimentation, modélisation et applications aux gisements de sulfures magmatiques

Abstract : A comprehensive knowledge of metal partitioning between sulfide liquid and silicate melt is essential tounderstand sulfide liquid enrichment in chalcophile and siderophile elements that can lead to theformation of magmatic sulfide ore deposits.The first aim of this thesis was to quantify the partition coefficients (Dsul/sil) for Co, Ni, Cu, Pd, Ag, Pt andAu at crustal conditions relevant to the Noril’sk-Talnakh region (Russia), through an experimental studyconducted in internal heated pressure vessels at 1200 °C, 70 MPa, and under variable oxygenfugacities.Our results show that Dsul/sil for Pd, Ag, Pt and Au increase with the content of the element in the sulfideliquid, showing that they do not follow Henry’s law, in contrast to those for Co, Ni, and Cu. These Dsul/silcan reproduce the metal contents of natural sulfides of the Noril’sk region, starting from a parent magmaPd- and Pt-richer than the lavas of the region, and invoking an interaction between the masses of silicateliquid and sulfide liquid in order to enrich the latter.The second objective of this thesis was to model Dsul/sil variations as a function of magmatic conditions,using a thermodynamic approach. This modeling allows investigating the variations of Dsul/sil withtemperature, pressure, oxygen fugacity and the compositions of both liquids and suggests that the maficmagmas with the lowest temperatures and pressures and the highest oxygen fugacities are those inequilibrium with the most enriched sulfide liquid.
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Clément Ferraina. Partage des métaux entre liquide sulfuré et liquide silicaté : Expérimentation, modélisation et applications aux gisements de sulfures magmatiques. Sciences de la Terre. Université d'Orléans, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ORLE2004⟩. ⟨tel-01887161⟩

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