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Nanomatériaux mono et bimétalliques à forte anisotropie magnétique

Abstract : Magnetic nanomaterials are promising materials due to their potential applications in high density magnetic recording. This is in this context that we have developed the first one-pot synthesis of spherical hcp cobalt nanocrystals (NCs), ferromagnetic at room temperature. The followed strategy is based on the simple combination of oleylamine and an organometallic cobalt precursor [CoCl(PPh3)3]. Thus, variation of the precursor amount has allowed to control the NCs size and to obtain spherical NCs of 9.2 nm, 7.8 nm and 2.5 nm in diameter with a low polydispersity. The change of reaction times has led to control of the NCs shape in order to get a morphology transition from spheres towards hcp nanorods. Subsequently, an experimental study based on the variation of several parameters, namely, the amine and the temperature, has highlighted a reaction mechanism of cobalt NCs formation, governed by the disproportionation reaction of the Co(I) precursor. The one-pot synthesis procedure was then extended to the development of other mono and bi-metal NCs (platinum, palladium and CoPt alloys). Then, by varying the amount [CoCl(PPh3)3].precursor, different morphologies of platinum NCs and palladium, and similarly, CO33Pt67 nanoalloys, have been obtained. Another strategy was followed to develop equi-atomic CoPt nanowires, with a high magnetic anisotropy, by annealing of Co50Pt50 nanoparticles in nanopores of alumina membrane (Al2O3). For this, we diverted the NCs coalescence during the annealing time.
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Lynda Meziane. Nanomatériaux mono et bimétalliques à forte anisotropie magnétique. Chimie-Physique [physics.chem-ph]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066622⟩. ⟨tel-01885496⟩

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