Politique du jeu : les dispositifs ludiques dans la dramaturgie latino-américaine contemporaine (Fabio Rubiano, Rafael Spregelburd et Gabriel Calderón)

Abstract : At first glance, there is not much to be said about the relation between play and politics. And yet, this thesis questions the gap between playful mode and political perspective at a time when the latter is being asked to renew its theatrical forms and means in a more general context of disavowal of the political practice since the end of the 1980s. As part of an open dialogue between the Latin-American experience and the rest of the international scene, this work focuses on the ways in which the play model participates in a redefinition of a theatre striving to be political. First, it allows for the apprehension of transformations within the Latin-American theatrical context of the end of the 20th Century when its model of a politically engaged theatre was being questioned. Furthermore, it becomes a tool to study texts by Fabio Rubiano (b. 1963, Colombia) Rafael Spregelburd (b. 1970, Argentina) and Gabriel Calderón (b. 1982, Uruguay), and their specific articulation to the political. A politics of play, following Jacques Rancière’s “politics of aesthetics”, is being charted here, and it allows for the political perspective to exist as a critique of the present and as a desire for transformation, based on its own relation to the real, production of meaning and idea of the viewer. Between politics and play, two main directions can be drawn out within this corpus. Play first functions as a paradoxical means for a critique. It creates playful heteropias which distance themselves from the present to better outline the dystopic map of its flaws and failures. Subsequently or simultaneously, it complicates this first critical interpretation with formal and fictional experimentations which put forth creativity itself. Although the utopic impact of these experimentations varies according to the text and its author, they still participate in formulating the premise of a transformation to come.
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Nina Jambrina. Politique du jeu : les dispositifs ludiques dans la dramaturgie latino-américaine contemporaine (Fabio Rubiano, Rafael Spregelburd et Gabriel Calderón). Musique, musicologie et arts de la scène. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU20004⟩. ⟨tel-01885100⟩

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