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Rôle de FOXO3 dans la régulation des phases précoces de la maladie de Huntington lors de la différenciation neuronale

Abstract : FOXO3 is an important transcription factor for stress response, the regulation of differentiation and cell survival that has neuroprotective effects in several models of neurodegenerative diseases, including Huntington’s disease (HD). The neuroprotective effects of FOXO3 in HD are repressed by abnormal signaling from the Wnt receptor Ryk by the binding of the intracellular domain of Ryk to the β-catenin, a cofactor of FOXO3.The aim of this work was to explore the effect of the mutant huntingtin (mHTT) on the repertoire of direct FOXO3 targets (F3Ts) using a model of developmental stage of HD, namely HD isogenic neural stem cells derived from Huntington’s Induced Pluripotent Stem cells. Forming a tripartite complex with β-catenin and FOXO3, Ryk acts as a co-regulator of FOXO3 in normal or pathological condition. Analysis of direct FOXO3 targets shows reprogramming of these targets with losses and gains in signaling pathways that are known to role in HD, including regulatory pathways of cell proliferation. These results show that gene regulation by FOXO3 is heavily modified in cells expressing the mutant huntingtin. Our findings open the way for a comprehensive study of cellular homeostasis mechanisms under the control of FOXO3 in neural differentiation and their impact on the activity of adult neurons. More broadly, these results provide insight into the molecular dynamics of MH and the effects of molecular reprogramming in differentiation and neuronal activity.
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Jessica Voisin. Rôle de FOXO3 dans la régulation des phases précoces de la maladie de Huntington lors de la différenciation neuronale. Neurosciences [q-bio.NC]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066613⟩. ⟨tel-01884404⟩

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