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La Sarcolipine, un régulateur de l’ATPase-Ca2+ SERCA1a : études in silico

Abstract : Sarcolipin (SLN), a transmembrane helix of 31 residues, binds to and regulates the Ca2+-ATPase SERCA1a. This regulator is post-translationnally modified in some species. For example, in rabbit, it is palmitoylated or oleoylated on its Cys9 residue. To understand at a molecular level, the effect of this post-translationnal modification on SLN, all-atom molecular dynamics simulations of unacylated and palmitoylated rabbit SLN embedded in a POPC bilayer were performed. Analysis of the simulations demonstrates that palmitoylation does not affect the secondary structure, the orientation (tilt and azimuth) as well as the burying of SLN within the membrane. In addition, the analyses of all-atom simulations of human SLN embedded in a POPC bilayer show that human SLN has the same secondary structure and orientation as rabbit SLN but is more buried within the membrane than rabbit SLN as a result of its more hydrophobic N-terminal amino acids sequence.The Ca2+ pump SERCA1a, a P-type ATPase, is localized in the sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane of striated muscle cells. It is involved in the contraction/relaxation process by fast pumping the cytoplasmic Ca2+ from the cytosol to the lumen of the sarcoplasmic reticulum using the energy of ATP hydrolysis. Large conformational changes of SERCA1a occur during its catalytic cycle as evidenced by the various crystal structures of SERCA1a. In particular, in the E1 state, the cavity that contains the Ca2+ binding sites is open toward the cytoplasm while in the E2 state, this cavity is open toward the lumen. The transition from the E1 to the E2 state involves the phosphorylation of Asp351 residue. 3D structures of SERCA1a-SLN complex have been determined by X-Ray diffraction, with SERCA1a in a E1-Mg2+ state. To understand the detailed mechanisms of SERCA1a regulation by SLN, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and normal mode analysis (NMA) were performed using the 3D structures of SERCA1a-SLN complex embedded in a POPC bilayer. Main results from these analyses are the followings: 1) SLN regulates the E1-Mg2+ → E1-2Ca2+ and E1-Mg2+ → E2 state transitions; 2) interaction of SLN with SERCA1a impact the structure and dynamic of SERCA1a and modifies the position of the transmembrane helix TM1 such that the cavity that contains the Ca2+ binding sites is more widely opened and the Ca2+ binding sites more accessible; 3) SLN interaction with affects two regions essential to its function. By changing the structure and dynamic of TM6, SLN alters the position and fluctuations of residues involved in the Ca2+ binding sites, such that those sites are unable to bind Ca2+. This interaction with TM6 also induces TM5 bending and thus, indirectly modifies the phosphorylation site conformation, leading to the inhibition of Asp351 phosphorylation.Our results from these in silico studies provide new insights into the mechanism by which SLN regulates SERCA1a activity and could be completed by experimental work.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 28, 2018 - 5:37:09 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01883821, version 1

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Thomas Barbot. La Sarcolipine, un régulateur de l’ATPase-Ca2+ SERCA1a : études in silico. Biophysique. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS130⟩. ⟨tel-01883821⟩

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