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Les lampes en terre cuite du centre-est de la Gaule (Ier siècle av. J.-C. - IV° siècle ap. J.-C.) : production, diffusion et consommation

Abstract : There are quite many articles and monographs dedicated to terracotta lamps in Gaul and Roman Empire. Since the pioneer work done by S. Loeschcke (1919), we have been developing till today, abetter understanding of the lamps that have appeared between the post-republican to the Early Roman empire period. But very often, due to the various shapes and decorated medallions, the lamps are only considered as museum or educational items, because they represent the ultimate lighting mode during Antiquity. In archeology, they are used as a dating tool as well as the terra sigillata or the antique coins.However, we usually forget that the terracotta lamp is a manufactured product issued from the human work and therefore, is able to provide invaluable information on antique craft industry. Through their study, we are able to understand how the Gallo-roman potters have been adapting themselves to the manufacturing of a product they did not know, to new technical challenges and new processes. Also, thanks to the analysis of the technical aspects of the lamp itself we can track the products belonging to the same potters’ workshop as well as we can map the distributed market areas at various scales (regional, country-wide). Finally, the adoption by the local people of this lighting mode that is typically Mediterranean is a clear sign of Romanization, especially through the funeraland religious practices. This innovating study is focusing on these issues within a defined area, the East Central Gaul. The results have enabled the identification of several workshops and their distribution network during the different chronological phases from 1st century BC to 4th century AD and have also opened adevelopment on the way of consuming the terracotta lamps during this period
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  • HAL Id : tel-01883354, version 1


Claude Malagoli. Les lampes en terre cuite du centre-est de la Gaule (Ier siècle av. J.-C. - IV° siècle ap. J.-C.) : production, diffusion et consommation. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université de Franche-Comté, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BESA1015⟩. ⟨tel-01883354⟩



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