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Growth of hybrid piezoelectric/magnetostrictive systems for magnetic devices based on surface acoustic wave resonators

Abstract : The development of materials with different coupled ferroic orders (multiferroics) drives an intense research activity. A particularly interesting combination is the case where magnetic and electrical orders are simultaneously present, which, in the favorable case where these are coupled, opens the way to the electrical control of magnetization. This can be achieved in manipulating the polarization in a ferroelectric or the strains in a piezoelectric compound. Ferroelectric or piezoelectric properties can inversely be influenced by the magnetic state, an interesting feature for the development of magnetic field sensors. This work aims in the investigation of piezoelectric/magnetostrictive systems, more especially in the role of the magnetization and of the magnetization versus field behavior on the surface acoustic waves (SAW). Polycristalline Ni films, [Co/IrMn] multilayers and epitaxial TbFe2 films have been deposited on Lithium Niobate (LNO) substrates of different orientations. On LNO Z-cut, various single or double buffer layers have been used to achieve the TbFe2 epitaxial growth, along either [111] or [110] directions and with either perpendicular or in-plane magnetic anisotropy. On LNO 128Y and 41Y substrates, the growth is more complex but it is nevertheless possible to obtain crystalline multidomains TbFe2 films with 3D orientation relationships similar to those obtained on LNO Z-cut, both between the magnetic and the buffer layers, and between the buffer layer and the substrate. Magnetic surface acoustic wave (MSAW) devices have been patterned in a resonator geometry that enables an easy wireless interrogation. The MSAW device resonance frequency is sensitive to an external magnetic field, both via static effects related to the field-induced magnetization changes, and via magnetoelastic dynamic effects related to the acoustic excitation. We have investigated the MSAW magneto acoustic responses of the various devices in close connection with the static magnetic properties, especially the anisotropy, the coercivity and the hysteresis. An equivalent piezomagnetic model could support some of these observations. We show more generally that the proper choice of magnetic material and the control of the magnetic properties helps to build up specific sensors: soft magnetic materials enable to tailor the anisotropy of the MSAW response by engineering the IDT’s shape; hard magnetic materials enable to achieve high field unipolar or bipolar field response; exchange-biased systems in which the reversibility of the magnetic response is achieved let envision the development of sensors for out-of-plane magnetic fields
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01882229
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 26, 2018 - 4:48:08 PM
Last modification on : Monday, April 6, 2020 - 2:44:04 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, December 27, 2018 - 3:21:35 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01882229, version 1

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Vincent Polewczyk. Growth of hybrid piezoelectric/magnetostrictive systems for magnetic devices based on surface acoustic wave resonators. Materials Science [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université de Lorraine, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0096⟩. ⟨tel-01882229⟩

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