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Molecular guidance of serotonin raphe neurons during development

Abstract : In mice, serotonin (5-HT) midbrain neurons are born from embryonic day 10 to 12, and start extending axons, shortly after neurogenesis, both rostrally to the telencephalon and caudally to the brainstem. These projections are highly collateralized but with some degree of topographic organization. In the telencephalon, the pattern of 5-HT innervation arising from the dorsal (B7, B6) or the medial (B5-B8) nuclei differs. However, there are no systematic detailed developmental studies in mice, which are the most extensively used model, in particular for genetic studies. Such data are important to gather in order to analyze the effects of mouse mutations on defined molecular pathway of serotonin neurons. Moreover the guidance molecules that direct these 5-HT raphe neurons to different targets are not known. We performed several studies of 5-HT innervation aimed at detecting how the dorsal and median raphe nuclei are targeted to different forebrain regions during development. We investigated the role of ephrinA-EphA signaling in selective targeting. Our results demonstrate that EphA5 mRNA is selectively expressed in distinct subpopulation of serotonin raphe neurons. Particularly, EphA5 exhibited the highest level in dorsal raphe serotonin neurons (B7). The results of in vitro explant cultures and in vivo electroporation analyses indicated that the ligands of EphA5 (ephrinA5 and ephrinA3) act as repellent factors for the serotonergic axon growth cones. Anterograde tracing in the ephrinA5 -/- mice showed mistargeting of dorsal raphe neurons projections, including the serotonergic projection. Particularly, our analysis of tracing studies show that targeting of the dorsal and median raphe axons to different layers of the olfactory bulb is altered in the ephrinA5 KO. However we do not know at what developmental stage these alterations occur, in particular whether this reflects an alteration in the orientation of ascending fiber tracts, or whether this reflects late developmental maturation when raphe axons collateralize and branch in specific target regions. We have taken advantage a new morphological method, which allows analyzing immunocytochemical labeling in 3_D. 5-HT immunolabeling, in whole brain serotonergic projection in 3_D. Our findings show that serotonergic fibers projecting to olfactory bulb require a special timing to enter the target. The expression pattern of ephrinA5 suggests that ephrinA5 can be one of the factors that modulate this timing. Overall, our results show for the first time the implication a guidance molecule for the region-specific and time-specific targeting of serotonin raphe neurons and has implications for the anatomo-functional parsing of raphe cell groups.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01880504, version 1


Teng Teng. Molecular guidance of serotonin raphe neurons during development. Neurons and Cognition [q-bio.NC]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066584⟩. ⟨tel-01880504⟩



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