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Paysans de passage : les fermiers du mouvement Terre de Liens en France

Abstract : “Terre de liens” (TDL) is an activist organisation in France whose main objectives are to maintain farmland, provide support to the setting up of farmers and raise public awareness on land tenure issues. Thanks to savings and public donations, TDL purchases land, withdrawing it definitively from the market to lease it to farmers engaged in organic processes. Thus, it seeks to reterritorialise agriculture and recreate a collective link to land, which the State and the market had transformed into a sectoral business and private speculation object.Based on a sociological study of agricultural profession, a TDL’s ethnographic approach, enriched with a statistical survey and semi-structured interviews, this study focuses on those who farm on these collective land plots. It examines the socio-professional changes which follows TDL's support to farmers. The latter generally set up on farms with no family connection, develop small-scale organic farming and a vision of their profession combining environmental sensitivity and social responsibility. Even though their activities are in agreement with TDL's expectations, their relationship to land is not uniform nor stabilised. The various tensions TDL experiences, from covering repair work of buildings to arrangements for the representation of farmers, show the ambiguities of collective land management. They illustrate the issues an alternative organisation raises in the context of the definition of a contemporary peasant identity, where freedoms and socio-professional constraints combine in complex arrangements.
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Elsa Pibou. Paysans de passage : les fermiers du mouvement Terre de Liens en France. Sociologie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016TOU20010⟩. ⟨tel-01880429⟩

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