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Accueil et représentations des étrangers en Limousin : le cas de la Creuse (XIXe siècle-1945)

Abstract : This thesis aims at tracing back the history of immigration from 1815 to 1945, focusing more particularly on the Creuse area. The work does not only consist in quantifying the presence of immigrants and its evolution but it also deals with the way they were received and how local people welcomed this presence in this region which was, in theory, not affected by immigration but rather by emigration (in the nineteenth century) for it was rural, under-industrialized and poorly urbanized. Thus, foreigners there remained very scattered until 1914. Most of them were asylum seekers. At that time, immigration was not a political issue in this region characterized by a strong left-wing tradition. During WWl, both agrarianism and the fear labour force in agriculture could be lacking, led local people to get a more positive view on immigrants. In the meantime they got more visible as they became more numerous in the 1920s, and even more so in the following decade. The common trend of tensions and xenophobia of the 1930s was neve1theless not so obvious in the Creuse region. After 1939, successive waves of immigrants (among which many French Jews and foreigners) willing to reach the Free Zone settled the Creuse region. These populations were the victims of the surveillance, forced labour and repression policies of the Vichy regime (work camps, anti-Semitic persecution). Those categories of people were then represented and considered negatively in a moment of national identity crisis. After 1943 though, forced labour (STO) was extended to natives, which contributed to slow but true defiance towards the regime and Maréchal Pétain.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 24, 2018 - 10:44:42 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 11, 2020 - 1:34:24 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01879644, version 1


Marion Denis. Accueil et représentations des étrangers en Limousin : le cas de la Creuse (XIXe siècle-1945). Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA010715⟩. ⟨tel-01879644⟩



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