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The role of the UPRER in the acquisition of pluripotency during reprogramming

Abstract : Somatic cells can be reprogrammed into a pluripotent stem cells state and is achieved by the forced expression of 4 transcription factors: OCT4, SOX2, KLF4 and c-MYC. This process theoretically requires a global remodeling of the organelles and a drastic change in metabolism. Furthermore, reprogramming has an inherent property of stochastic variation that is limiting and largely unknown. We hypothesize that this variation is due, in part, by variable regulation of the protein homeostasis network. We therefore postulated that the early steps of reprogramming would result in the activation of a variety of stress pathways that regulate the protein homeostasis network, which might in turn impact the efficiency of reprogramming. We focused in particular on the endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein response (UPRER). We find that the UPRER is activated during reprogramming and that its activation can increase the efficiency of this process. We find that stochastic activation of the UPRER can predict reprogramming efficiency. These results suggest that the low efficiency of cellular reprogramming is partly the result of the cell’s inability to initiate a proper stress response to cope with the newly expressed load of proteins that will eventually change the fate of this cell.
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Milos Simic. The role of the UPRER in the acquisition of pluripotency during reprogramming. Cellular Biology. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI; University of California (Berkeley), 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066431⟩. ⟨tel-01879535⟩

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