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Contribution à la simulation numérique d'écoulements turbulents compressibles canoniques

Abstract : The study of compressible flows, especially supersonic, passing through the combustion chambers of ramjet and scramjet engines, requires the consideration of various complex devices for improving the combustion processand in particular its stabilization. Indeed, the knowledge of the interactions between turbulence, compressibility effects, and fluid-solid interactions in this type of flow still remains imperfect. This thesis is dedicated to improving our understanding of this type of flow in a number of canonical flow configurations through direct numerical simulation. All the simulations that have been conducted are based on the use of a high-precision numerical simulations tool, called CREAMS (Compressible REActive Multi-species Solver), developed at the Pprime Institute. This computational solver makes use of high precision numerical schemes: a 3rd order Runge–Kutta scheme for time integration combined with a 7th order WENO and 8th order centered scheme for spatial discretization. In a first step of this study, we present a new immersed boundary method for calculating the flow of compressible viscous fluids in irregular geometries. The method developed in this thesis is based on the combination of the "Directforcing" approach with the "Ghost-Point-Forcing" strategy. The originality of this method lies in its ability to simulate subsonic and supersonic flows at different Reynolds numbers. The accuracy of this method is found to be slightly larger than second order and its robustness is investigated by considering a large set of benchmarks. Ina second step, an idealized canonical configuration of shock-turbulence interaction is studied to highlight the fundamental physical mechanisms that are characteristic of the interaction between an isotropic homogeneous turbulence and a normal shock wave. This analysis is complemented by a scalar shock-mixing interaction study to investigate the impact of normal shock on the mixing process properties. Through this work, a database is made available. It can be used to assess and improve turbulence models. Finally, we investigated the effect of molecular transport properties, more specifically the volume viscosity, on the development of a mixture layer impacted by an oblique shock. The simulations performed in this configuration allow to scrutinize the validity of the Stokes hypothesis that is based on the neglection of the volume viscosity.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 21, 2018 - 2:41:09 PM
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Radouan Boukharfane. Contribution à la simulation numérique d'écoulements turbulents compressibles canoniques. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ESMA0003⟩. ⟨tel-01878795⟩



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