Contribution à l'analyse CEM globale de structures et de circuits. Application aux antennes Vivaldi en présence d'un système non linéaire pour la récupération d'énergie : une approche FDTD

Abstract : Electronic systems are integrated into most objects that we use every day, also in different key sectors such as, automotive, railway, spacial, defense and consumer electronics... Conventional feeding techniques remain difficult to envisage in certain applications because they are limited in their autonomy energy, and they require periodic replacements and their recycling is expensive. In this mind, the wireless power transfer is a very interesting solution, less expensive and aesthetic. This solution needs to pick up the RF power transmitted through the free space by a Rectenna and convert it to a DC voltage, to feed one or several wireless devices or to increase the operating life of batteries.The high operating frequencies makes the microwave circuits faster. Frequency analysis can’t answer a number of questions in these circuits. The introduction of the temporal analysis becomes necessary to solve and answer all the problems encountered. In fact, we are interested in two complementary approaches:•Signal integrity, which represents the malfunction of the circuits due to the distortion of the signals•ElectroMagnetic Compatibility, which is the result of the congestion of the electronic components in the circuits.•The first approach is based on component models and can perfectly predict signal quality during placement and routing of electronic boards. On the other hand, it will be difficult to highlight the causes of the abnormal behavior of the circuit. The second approach, is complementary of the first one, which is the analysis by the electromagnetic compatibility, who will allow to cover the causes of the problems such as cross talk, radiation and defined the susceptibility of this systems to work correctly.The working method adopted in this thesis consists in first identifying the various problems. Then propose solutions via existing calculation codes (FDTD, FEM, MoM ...) who can be developed or via the software such as Spice, Matlab, EMPro, ADS …Key words: Wireless power transfer, UWB systems, numerical methods, Rectenna systems, RF/DC converter, EMC analysis.
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Ismail Alaoui Abdallaoui. Contribution à l'analyse CEM globale de structures et de circuits. Application aux antennes Vivaldi en présence d'un système non linéaire pour la récupération d'énergie : une approche FDTD. Micro et nanotechnologies/Microélectronique. Normandie Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMC213⟩. ⟨tel-01878778⟩

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