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Theses

L'enfant en détention en France et en Angleterre : contribution à l'élaboration d'un cadre juridique pour l'enfant accompagnant sa mère en prison

Abstract : In France, children can live in prison with their detained mothers until they reach eighteen months of age. These children are not detained, yet they evolve inside prisons. Nevertheless, their status and regime have never been conceptualised. Their stay in custody is only regulated by five articles in the Code de procedure pénale and an out dated minimal prison instruction. Conversely, in Englru1d and Wales, various legal tools have developed to protect these children. In spite of those differences, there are similarities between the English and the French model as far as prison rules for children in custody are concerned. Considering that Prison Law and Penal policies aim at regulating the conduct of detainees, how may they relate to non-legally detained persons? Further, may the concept of non-detention be defined in law? The conceptualisation of a legal framework for children in custody requires a confrontation of black letter law and the set of practices that are emerging in prison. In both legal systems, practices represent fundamental norms in the prison field, and this is particularly true of the construction of a specific legal framework for children in custody. May those emerging practices manage to overcome the hurdles that prison rules usually face? Is it possible to establish a legal framework for children in custody on a different, better-equipped normative basis, which could encompass children's specificities? This PhD thesis attempts to address these issues, whose stakes are theoretical as well as pragmatic.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 21, 2018 - 2:21:06 PM
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Ariane Amado. L'enfant en détention en France et en Angleterre : contribution à l'élaboration d'un cadre juridique pour l'enfant accompagnant sa mère en prison. Droit. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PA01D018⟩. ⟨tel-01878774⟩

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