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Politiques publiques locales d'un territoire industriel : le cas du Pays de Montbéliard de 1959 à 1999

Abstract : The Revolution of 1789 profoundly altered the art of governing the State. The Jacobin-inspired revolutionaries introduced an administrative reform of the Nation that was intended to be simple, low-cost and above all legible for citizens. Two trends in territorial organisation emerged: one centralised and authoritarian, often resulting in failure, and another that preferred to stimulate local initiatives and generated better results. A part of the Protestant empire that became attached to France in 1793 following the 1789 Revolution, the Pays de Montbéliard, already a stronghold of the Industrial Revolution, proved itself a pioneer of this second trend through the creation in 1959 of an urban district, the DUPM. Under the presidency of André Boulloche, this new institution anticipated the decentralisation laws by almost two decades, positioning itself as a counterweight both to a State still considered as too centralised and authoritarian and to the car manufacturer Peugeot, whose development after the Second World War led to a prosperous but fragile single-industry situation. However, this very political vision was unable to resist when the fight against unemployment became a vital necessity during the 1980s. In parallel, the decentralisation laws and then European construction imposed an increasingly rigid legal environment that seemed to diminish this pioneering vision, tending to favour an increasingly wait-and-see, technical attitude among local authorities.Normalisation of practice thus contributed to a slowing of this "territorial emancipation" that served as a model.
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Aurélien Colle. Politiques publiques locales d'un territoire industriel : le cas du Pays de Montbéliard de 1959 à 1999. Histoire. Université de Technologie de Belfort-Montbeliard, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BELF0312⟩. ⟨tel-01878636⟩

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