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Epigenetic control of ribosome biogenesis homeostasis

Abstract : Translation is an essential metabolic activity carried by ribosomes. These complexes are synthetized in the nucleolus, and require the coordinated expression of 4 ribosomal RNA, 80 ribosomal proteins, and more than 200 assembly factors. Indeed, their biogenesis is complex and expensive, consuming more than half of the energy in proliferating cells. As the cellular need for ribosomes varies with environmental or metabolic conditions, their synthesis is tightly regulated in response to a number of cues. Many mechanisms ensure that the intensity of ribosome biogenesis is coupled to cell homeostasis. Such is the ability of ribosomal proteins to regulate gene expression at many levels, from translation specificity to activation or repression of transcription. Many such functions are carried off the ribosome, and are thus termed extraribosomal. Our team discovered a new extraribosomal function of ribosomal protein uL11 in Drosophila. Indeed, when trimethylated on lysine 3 (uL11K3me3), it associates with Corto, a transcription factor of the Enhancers of Trithorax and Polycomb family. By studying their genome-wide binding profile on chromatin, we show that these proteins are distributed along different patterns, and that uL11K3me3 specifically binds a subset of active genes enriched in ribosome biogenesis components. Additionally, we generated the first genetic alleles for Drosophila uL11 and describe the molecular screening method that we employed. Last, we studied the uL11 alleles that delete or replace lysine 3. We describe that their Minute-like phenotypes suggest an essential role for the N-terminal domain of uL11, though it may be independent of its association with Corto.
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Jérôme Deraze. Epigenetic control of ribosome biogenesis homeostasis. Cellular Biology. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066342⟩. ⟨tel-01878354⟩

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