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Formes quadratiques décalées et déformations

Abstract : The classical L-theory of a commutative ring is built from the quadratic forms over this ring modulo a lagrangian equivalence relation.We build the derived L-theory from the n-shifted quadratic forms on a derived commutative ring. We show that forms which admit a lagrangian have a standard form. We prove surgery results for this derived L-theory, which allows to reduce shifted quadratic forms to equivalent simpler forms. We compare classical and derived L-theory.We define a derived stack of shifted quadratic forms and a derived stack of lagrangians in a form, which are locally algebraic of finite presentation. We compute tangent complexes and find smooth points. We prove a rigidity result for L-theory : the L-theory of a commutative ring is isomorphic to that of any henselian neighbourhood of this ring.Finally, we define the Clifford algebra of a n-shifted quadratic form, which is a deformation as E_k-algebra of a symmetric algebra. We prove a weakening of the Azumaya property for these algebras, in the case n=0, which we call semi-Azumaya. This property expresses the triviality of the Hochschild homology of the Serre bimodule.
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Samuel Bach. Formes quadratiques décalées et déformations. Géométrie algébrique [math.AG]. Université Montpellier, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017MONTS013⟩. ⟨tel-01878208⟩

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